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1. Bodega: The name of the vineyard. In this case, the vineyard is Martínez Bujanda.

2. Region: The location where the grapes have been grown. This label shows that the grapes where grown in the Rioja region, the largest and best known area for grape growing in Spain. 

3. Varietal: The type of grape used to make the wine. Here, Garnacha grapes where used. Other popular varietals in Spain include, Tempranillo, Graciano, Mazuelo, Viura, Malavasia, Xarello, and Parellada. See the section below for more information about varietals. 

4. Vintage: The year the wine was made. The wine in this bottle dates back to 1990. 

 

 













Sherry

Dry Sherries
The following sherries are dry. This is due to the fact that their musts or grape juices have been through a complete fermentation process. 

Fino: This is a clear, straw-colored sherry that is dry, light and fragrant. It is aged with yeasts called flor. It contains 15 to 18% alcohol.

Amontillado: It has an amber color and it a light and smooth sherry with a certain hazelnut bouquet. It contains 16 to 22% alcohol.

Oloroso: The color of Oloroso sherry can range from amber to dark mahogany color. As the name indicates, this sherry is “fragrant.” It contains 17 to 22% alcohol.

Raya: This is part of the Oloroso group, but it is less delicate and does not have as much aroma.

Palo Cortado: This mahogany-colored sherry falls between Amontillado and Oloroso. It is dry and has a hazelnut bouquet. It contains 17 to 22% alcohol.

 
Sweet Natural Sherries
These types of sherries are primarily made from two varieties of grapes – Pedro Ximenez and Moscatel. After harvest, they are put through a process called soleo or “over-maturing” that results in a high concentration of sugar in the grape. This makes a very sweet, dense must. Once it is made into wine, it is aged through oxidation and put in the soleras. Solera is the name for both the special process that this sherry goes through as well as the barrels. In the solera process, sherry is put into a series of barrels for aging. A portion of sherry from the last barrel is poured out and the barrel is then filled with sherry from the next-to-last barrel, until the first barrel is filled with new sherry.
 

Pedro Ximenez: This sweet sherry is made from grapes of the same name. It is very dark and aromatic, having a bouquet of raisins. It has a high alcohol content.

Moscatel: Muscat is the English name for this sweet raisin wine from the moscatel variety of grapes. It is produced in the province of Málaga and is warm and sweet, and has a dark color.

Blended Sherries: Dry varieties of sherry are blended with sweet ones to make somewhat sweet sherries.

Pale Cream and Cream: Both are sweet wines. The Pale Cream variety is light-colored and only slightly sweet, where the Cream sherry is sweet, dark and has a very intense aroma. Cream sherry is actually made from the Oloroso variety of sherry. These are good dessert wines and contain between 15.5 and 22% alcohol.  

Manzanilla: This type of sherry is produced only in the coastal town of Sanlúcar de Barrameda where the bodegas actually have a special microclimate. This wine has its own Denomination of Origin and can only be produced in the town. It is very pale and dry and contains 15 to 17% alcohol.

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