Of all the South American countries that produce wine, Chile is
hands down, the strictest in terms of what a producer can put on the
label of a bottle. This is due to the French influence in winemaking.
Most of the text is in English, and the varietal is most commonly listed.
• Varietal: In order for a varietal to be listed on a bottle, there must be at least 75% of that varietal in the bottle.
• Vintage: For a specific vintage to be on the bottle, at least 75% of the juice must be from grapes from that vintage.
• Region: For a specific region or D.O. to be listed, 75% of the grapes must be grown in that region.
• “Especial”: This means that the wine must have been aged for at least 2 years.
• “Reserva”: For “Reserva” to be on a bottle, the wine must have been aged at least 4 years.
• “Gran Vino”: In order for a wine to have “Gran Vino”
listed on a bottle, the wine must have been aged for at least 6 years.
While must more relaxed standards are applied in Argentina compared to Chile, there are still some terms that are regulated
on a wine label. Most of the labels are in English, and the main
information is easy to understand. It should also be noted, that the
laws are mostly common law in Argentina for wine labels.
• Varietal: For a varietal to be listed, at least 85% of the wine must be of that specific varietal.
• IP (Region): If a specific region is listed, at least 80% of the grapes must be from that region.
• IG (Appellation): If a subregion is listed, 80% of the grapes must be from that region.
• DOC (Subregion): For a DOC to be listed, 80% of the grapes must be from that area.
• Vino Fino: This indicates the top quality wines.
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